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International Edition Winners - 2013: Pakistan, Target 3, Grade 7-8 (tie)

International Edition Winners - 2013: Pakistan, Target 3, Grade 7-8 (tie)

Khadija Ahmed
Target 3, Saturn
Khadija Ahmed

School: Lahore Grammar School
Grade: 8
City: Lahore

"The reason I picked Saturn as my target is because I am tempted and fascinated by its and its rings many mysterious; it is a planet that deserves our attention and holds the key to unlocking many other answers we have long searched for. Once we gradually understand more about Saturn and its rings we will also come to know more about the rest of the saturnion system.

The rings of Saturn have a large role to play in the saturnion system. There are seven individual rings that surround Saturn, through to be have been created over time by pieces of comets, asteroids or shattered moons that had broken before they reached Saturn. Since there are still scattered bits and pieces that can gather up and join Saturn's rings, we could by shading a space craft, observe as these particles become a part of the rings. From observing this we could also roughly tell about the force of Saturn's gravitational field as it attracts pieces of different sized objects towards its rings, at the same time, by making changes to density and size, we could also get an idea of the gravitational force it could possibly exert towards its moon as well.

We have heard that one moon of Saturn's, Iapetus has half of its surface bright and easily visible while another half is so dark that its hardly visible ; thus earning its name : the Yin and Yang of the solar system. If as said by some people that dark surface is a layer of organic material originating from Saturn's ring itself. We could observe what material is going towards Iapetus and discover how does Iapetus's surface draw it near or what it is that drawn that material near.

By studying the exact gaps and material from in between the rings we can calculate how each moon performs its duty and the shepherd of Saturn's rings. We could find the similarities of the material in those particle rings and the moon and decide which forces help in keeping them at bag. Figuring out what elements help in making up the ring we could also discover if Saturn could be turned into a planet that could sustain life or if these was chance of something forming in Saturn.

It was noted that one of Saturn's moons, Rhea, might also have a ring surrounding it. By seeing the science of saturn's rings closer and from a new angle, we might also see how they affect its moon as well. Sending a satellite between the rings and Saturn may allow us to observe the effect the rings have on Saturn itself and if any chemical reactions are taking place.

These are the reasons I feel we should sent a space craft to Saturn so that we can build up our knowledge on it and the rest of the saturnion system as well, along with it."