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International Edition Winners 2012: Venezuela, Target 1

International Edition Winners 2012: Venezuela, Target 1

Team Big Bang Theory Explorers
Target 1, Pan
Luis Garcia, team leader, 10th grade, Liceo Los Robles -- Maracaibo
Maria Jose Garcia, team leader, 11th grade, Colegio Altamira -- Maracaibo
Manuel Villalobos, team leader, 9th grade, Liceo Los Robles -- Maracaibo
Sebastian Quevedo, Humboldt Planetarium -- Caracas
Jesus Romero, 9th grade, Colegio Ntra Sra De Fatima -- Maracaibo
Melissa Romero, team leader,10th grade, Colegio Mater Salvatoris -- La Lago
Emanuel Caridad, 10th grade, Colegio San Onofre -- San Miguel
Jose Angel Reyes, 12th grade, U.E.B.Chacin -- Delicias
Andres Peña, 11th grade, Liceo Los Robles -- Maracaibo
Alexander Ocando, 9th, Liceo Los Robles -- Maracaibo
Ricardo Galue, 12th grade, Colegio El Prado -- La Limpia
Diego Nava, 9th grade, Sta Mariana De Jesus -- Delicias

Team name: The Big Bang Theory Explorers

Teachers: Lissette Teran, Jesus Perozo, Jorge Aldana, Luis Perez, Nelson Portillo, Melissa Coronado, Carlos Quintana

"Cassini has a specific mission; an important function to study Saturn and,its moons, a miniature solar system being one of them, Pan,who has a notable role in Saturn's A Ring: it has a non simetrical shape, not very aesthetic, keeps icy material from forming on its own orbit by forming gravity waves that pushes particles out of its way hundreds of kilometers away.

For this reason we have: the Encke Gap, although this doesn't seem to affect on any way Saturn, it might be a 'shortcut' for us to know more about material within the rings and even more about Saturn's formation , as Pan was formed by the nebular particles that were surrounding the planet , there's a possibility that this particles were leftovers of Saturn's formation because of that is impossible for little masses of matter to agglutinate particles using it's gravity force.

It has been proposed that it could, also, had a repercussion on the formation of Earth itself , due that this nebular material might also have been part of a disk of matter that surrounded our young sun billions of years ago. After reading information we found logical that it has a weak rock layer creating a gravitational pull on the materials that are on their side, the same process of lunar formation that occurs on any celestial body, with the difference that its rotation mode helped the force of attraction to adhere the same Rocky components found in the surrounding rings and as well as made possible the formation of Saturn-rings gave the same possibility in the Moon Pan with the difference that they are not around but acceded in Ecuatorial bark giving that peculiar form of walnut and not a sphere.

Also by its strange shape and characteristic of Shepherd moon its axis of rotation causes a strange distortion similar to the movement of the waves in the B ring , similarly it could be taken into account if somehow plasma ejecting from Saturn may be altering the magnetism of Pan and thus producing that strange deformation in ring B?

We consider that Cassini should also aim its magnetometer, CIRS(thermal behavior) and RADAR at Pan because we want this strange phenomenon studied, and also because this is one of the closest moons to Saturn you could know a little more about the planet.

Pan shares characteristics with another of Saturn's moon, Atlas: they have a similar oval and porose morphology with ridges on the equator. They are formed by icy material that forms the rings (and after some time melted by heat causing the formation of a solidified rock on the core of the same ) and from disintegrating moons. We´re intrigued by these satellites, as centrifuge force couldn't mold the moons because of the low rotation speed (fourteen hours ,one rotation).

Pan might have some clues of the formation of the Solar System, might inform how lucky we are here on Earth."